Peaches can have a whole range of flavors, going from being sweet and tangy to melting in your mouth with their sweet sugariness. The best varieties from orchards can vary as well depending on your conditions of growing.
They are a hardy fruit as per states in the United States Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones. They can grow in zone 4 through 10 depending on the cultivar of the fruit, but this also depends on the tree care, variety, and ensuring that you allow the fruit to ripen while it is still on the tree.
Peaches are enjoyed by millions. Some love a peach smoothie, others a peach cobbler, whatever the shape or form you like them, peaches are delicious.
But, what is the sweetest peach in the world? Is there one that trumps them all? Well, of course, there are, with so many different types of peaches, there is bound to be one that is a clear winner.
Let’s take a look and find out which peach is the sweetest of them all.
“Mirror, mirror, on the wall, which peach is sweetest of them all?”
What Are The Sweetest Peaches In The World?
To find the sweetest peaches in the world you could want to go to Furuyama Fruit Farm in central Fukushima in Japan. The success of these sweet peaches is partially due to the selection of a cultivar that is naturally sweet, as well as a 15-year effort by Furuyama Koji to improve the soil conditions.
Furuyama provides fertilizer and water to the fruit trees and thins any small green fruits about at the exact right time, and always ensures he allows the fruits to ripen all the way before he harvests them.
Fruit sweetness, including peaches, is measured with refractometers, which measure the juices of the plant to gain an idea of the sugar-to-mineral ratio. The percentage of sugar is known as the Brix degree, and the highest measurement possible on the Brix scale is 40.
Koji’s Akatsuki neo peaches have a Brix ratio of 32 which is quite an incredible feat! It is especially astounding when you consider that a majority of peaches found in stores will be 11 to 15 on the Brix scale.
However, be aware the peaches that you pick up at the grocery store have been picked before they are fully ripe for them to be stored and transported, so the sugar level could be underestimated in comparison to tree-ripened fruits of the same cultivars.
Be aware that a peach plucked before its time will never reach its full sweetness.
Getting To Know White Peach Cultivars
White peaches are often much sweeter than yellow peaches. These tend to range between 12 and 16 on the Brix scale. The Saturn peach is one of the sweetest, it is small and donut-shaped and reaches 14 to 16 on the Brix scale.
There is also the Indian Free peach which is sweet and can hit up to 20 on the Brix scale if conditions are right.
There is also the White Lady and Snow Beauty which are also known for being low in acid but high in sugar.
Typically white peach cultivars will thrive in zones 5 to 9 of the USDA. Interestingly Indian Free peaches do need to have a compatible pollinator, though, so you should always plant a second but different cultivar that will bloom at the same time to make sure your peach harvest is fruitful.
Getting To Know Yellow Peach Cultivars
Yellow peaches are also very sweet, however, they usually have a higher acid content which evens things out and gives them a tangy taste that matches the sweetness.
The best varieties of yellow peach cultivars include: Express and Honey Babe which are both dwarf trees that produce really sweet peaches and thrive in USDA zones, 5,6, 8, and 9.
You could even grow a dwarf peach tree in pots on a patio, or even indoors if you wanted to!
A typical back garden can support a few dwarf trees.
If you want something a little bigger, however, look for the Elberta or Harken, as these both produce sweet peaches that are medium to large fruits and are freestone. They grow well in USDA zones 5,6,7,8, and 9.
They are typically self-fertile, but it is always best to plant more than one to gain a fruitful harvest.
Caring For Peach Trees
If you do decide to grow your own peach trees, peach tree care is key in making sure you grow a good tree and reap well from it. Ensure that whatever peach tree you get, is suited to your USDA zone, and be sure to plant in winter to springtime with well-draining soil and plenty of sun!
3 Peach Classifications
Peaches will come in different sizes and shapes and colors, but the best way to distinguish between them is via their classification.
Let’s look at these classifications.
A clingstone peach does exactly what it says, its flesh clings to the pit. They are soft, sweet, and acidic, but also very juicy as well. Just be mindful of the pit in the middle.
Freestone peaches will have a very easy-to-deal-with pit. The put falls out very easily and the flesh will separate from the pit with ease. These are often bigger and more firm than clingstone peaches and other flavors can vary.
Finally, semi-freestone peaches are a mixture of clingstone and freestone. When they are not ripe their flesh will attach to the pit, but when the peach ripens it will become loose and easy to remove.
These peaches are often very juicy.
Note that a majority of peaches you see in stores today are often either freestone or semi-freestone, which is ideal if you need peaches for smoothies or baking!
Best Tasting Peaches In The World
Donut peaches are often considered to be the sweetest and tastiest of all peaches. These are the peaches that look squashed. They are most often white fleshed and are very sweet.
Sweetest Freestone Peach
Saturn peaches are typically considered to be the sweetest variety of peach, and they are also freestone peaches as well, so it is a win-win!
What Are The Most Expensive Peaches
The most expensive peach in the world is believed to be the Shimizu Hakuto, although there are many grown in Japan, it is a superior variety and can actually cost you 5,000 yen for just one peach!